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RECEPTIVE AND EXPRESSIVE LANGUAGE TASKS TO REINFORCE AT HOME WITH A PREVERBAL CHILD

 
RECEPTIVE
Give directives like “Give, Get, Find, Show, Point…” and “Put in, Take out, Put on, Take off…”
 
Ask questions like “Where?” “Is/Are/Do/Does,” and “Want _____? Go_____? See_____?”  Encourage and model responses through pointing, eye gaze, sign, gesture, facial expression and vocalizations.
 
Teach body awareness through song, puppet/stuffed animal/doll play, and mirror play.
 
Teach action words with body parts (e.g. “Clap hands, Raise hands, Shake hands”) and toys (Throw ball, Roll ball, Kick ball”).
 
Teach opposites/concepts with toys (e.g. “Car up. Car down. Car fast. Car slow. Car stop. Car go”).
 
Teach categories through sorting activities (e.g. putting clothes, toys, and groceries away).
 
Teach functions with objects (e.g. “Eat with a spoon.Stir with a spoon”).
 
Pair words with objects, pictures, gestures, sign and text to facilitate understanding.
 
 
EXPRESSIVE
Stimulate oral-motor play with mirrors, whistles/horns, and bubbles.
 
Encourage exploration of the nose and mouth while vocalizing.
 
Exaggerate oral-motor movements and vocal inflections.

 

Imitate your child’s vocalizations.
 

Pair sounds with activities (e.g. “M-m-m” while humming to music or eating, “B-b-b” while bouncing a ball).
 

Imitate environmental and animal sounds
 

Model and reinforce meaningful vowels and consonant-vowel/vowel-consonant syllables like:

Ow, Oh, Uh-oh, Ooo, I, Uh-uh, Ah, M-m-m, Whee, Yeah, Hi, Ha, Pee, Pa, No, Neigh, Do, Bye, Boo, Baa, Me, My, Moo, Ma, Go, In, On, Out, Up, Eat, Eek, Ick, Ugh.
 
Sing songs and recite nursery rhymes.
 
Play gesture, fingerplay, and action games.
 
Accept and reinforce all communicative attempts.
 
 
HELPFUL WEBSITES
Many preschool and kindergarten web sites have thematic songs and fingerplays set to familiar tunes.
 
 
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