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Adapted Materials
For: sound/letter/word association, sight words, rhyming words, compound words, antonyms, synonyms, categories, vocabulary…
• Checkers
• File folder flip or pocket charts
• Dominoes
• Bingo
• Clothespin Board
• Punch Board
• Circuit Board
• Magic Stick
• Jacob’s Ladder

Punch Board

1. For each question, draw an “H” shape, approx. ¾” wide and 1-1/2” long.  Make the cross bar on the front ½” from the top of the “H.”

2. Use an Exacto knife or razor blade to cut along the two side lines first, cutting through both sides of the folder.  Put something under the folder to protect the tabletop.

3. Open the folder and cut the front cross bars.

4. Turn the folder over by flipping the folder from bottom to top, not side to side.  Make the cross bar on the back ½” from the top of the “H.” Open the folder and cut the back cross bars.

5. Close the folder.  Write your questions on the section above the cross bar.  Place your finger below the cross bar and push.  The bottom of the front “H” section will push through and go behind the top of the back section. Write your answers on this flap from the back.

6. To place questions on the back, turn the folder over top to bottom.  Proceed to place the questions, punch and write the answers.

7. When all of the questions are done, open the folder and all the flaps will return to the original position.

Magic Sticks

1.  Glue a metal glaziers point on the back of the correct answer.  Tag board triangles may be glued on the back of the incorrect answers.
2.  Glue the front and the back of the folder together securely.
3.  Create a magic stick by gluing a magnet to the end of a tongue depressor.

Punch Cards

1. Punch four holes across the bottom ¾” from the edge of a 3 x 5 or larger index card.
2. Create a cover card with a 4 x 5 or larger index card.  Fold it 1” from the bottom. Punch matching holes through the bottom of the cover card.
3. Place the cards in the cover. Use masking or electrical tape to close the sides.  Put a letter, word, picture, or question at the top center of the card.
4. Keeping the card in the holder put a choice of 2, 3, or 4 responses just above the holes at the bottom of the card.  Cut out a hole width from beneath the correct response.

Circuit Board

1. Acquire a continuity circuit tester that uses batteries and a bulb.
2. Place question and answer choices on the front of a folder
3. Place a sheet of aluminum foil (Laminate on the back makes gluing easier) on the inside of the folder, shiny side up.
4. Put a brass fastener at each answer choice.
5. Cover the back of the fasteners of the wrong answers with masking or electrical tape.
6. Add a fastener as a “ground” to connect the tester.  It must touch the foil as well.
7. Close the folder and tape the edges to keep it closed.
Jacob’s Ladder

1. Fold a piece of construction paper in quarters, to create four even columns from top to bottom.
2. Press the folds well from both directions, front to back.
3. Fold the paper in half and make seven slits, 1” apart, from the middle fold to the outer fold.
4. Open the paper.  Cut two strips of an opposing color, the width and length of your two middle columns.
5. Weave the strips alternately through each column, to create a “checkerboard” effect.
6. Write your target words/questions on the exposed portion of the strips.
7. Fold the “ladder” towards you, and pry the middle fold open to expose the inside of the strip and write your associated words/answers.

From: Melanie Braukman’s “Making Education Fun Through Instructional Adaptations” course and the many wonderful classroom teachers I have worked with over the years